Marriage is a legally and socially recognized union between two individuals. Typically, it involves a formal ceremony or contract, in which they establish a legal and emotional partnership. It is a cultural institution that varies across different societies. Marriage holds a significant place in Islam, being a sacred bond between a man and a woman. It is considered a blessed union that serves as the foundation for building a family and fostering love, companionship, and spiritual growth. This post aims to shed light on the principles and teachings of marriage in Islam, emphasizing the importance of love, commitment, and mutual respect within this sacred institution, the importance of marriage in Islam in the light of Holy Qur’an and Hadith.
Importance of Marriage in Islam in the Light of Holy Qur'an
Mutual Love and Compassion
Love and compassion are fundamental elements of a successful marriage in Islam. The Qur’an states, “And of His signs is that He created for you from yourselves mates that you may find tranquility in them; and He placed between you affection and mercy”. (Al-Qur’an 30:21).
Islam encourages spouses to express love, kindness, and compassion towards one another, creating an environment of emotional support and understanding.
Mutual Rights and Responsibilities
Marriage in Islam is based on a framework of mutual rights and responsibilities. Both husband and wife have specific roles to fulfill, ensuring a harmonious and balanced relationship.
The Holy Qur’an says, “They are clothing for you and you are clothing for them.” (Al-Qur’an, 2:187) It encourages mutual cooperation and support between spouses.
Moreover, the husband is responsible for providing for the family’s financial needs, while the wife’s primary role is creating a nurturing and caring home environment.
However, these roles are not rigid. These roles can be adapted based on the couple’s circumstances, with the emphasis always on consultation, cooperation, and shared decision-making.
Consent and Choice
Islam emphasizes the importance of consent and free will in the institution of marriage. It is essential for both individuals to enter into the marriage contract willingly and without any coercion.
The consent of the bride is of utmost importance, and her approval is required for the marriage to be valid. Forced marriages or marriages without the consent of both parties are considered invalid and contrary to Islamic teachings.
Commitment and Perseverance
Marriage in Islam is viewed as a lifelong commitment, a journey that requires dedication, patience, and perseverance. The Qur’an advises, “And among His signs is that He created for you mates from among yourselves that you may find tranquility in them, and He placed between you affection and mercy. Indeed, in that are signs for a people who give thought” (Al-Quran 30:21). Islam encourages spouses to support and uplift each other, especially during challenging times, fostering a bond built on trust, loyalty, and resilience.
Importance of Marriage in Islam in the Light of Hadith
Marriage holds immense significance in Islam, and its importance is emphasized in various Hadith (sayings) of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). These Ahadith (traditions) shed light on the virtues, benefits, and spiritual aspects associated with the institution of marriage.
Here are some Hadith that highlight the importance of marriage in Islam:
Marriage is practices by all the Messengers and Prophets
Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was not the only Prophet who got married in his life but it is among the practices of all the Prophets and Messengers sent by Allah. As it is narrated in a Hadith, “And indeed We sent Messengers before you (O Muhammad PBUH), and made for them wives and offspring”. (Sunan Ibn Majah)
Divine Purpose and Blessings
Islam views marriage as a natural inclination and a means of fulfilling human needs, both emotional and physical. It is seen as a way to achieve peace, tranquility, and righteousness within the bounds of Islam. The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said, “Marriage is part of my Sunnah, and whoever does not follow my Sunnah is not from me.” (Sunan Ibn Majah) This highlights the significance of marriage as a practice that is encouraged and celebrated in Islam.
Spiritual Value of Marriage in Islam
“Marriage is half of faith.” (Sahih Muslim) This Hadith signifies the profound spiritual value of marriage in Islam. It highlights that entering into a lawful marriage and fulfilling its obligations is considered an essential aspect of a person’s faith. Marriage not only satisfies human desires but also contributes to the spiritual growth and development of individuals.
“When a man marries, he has fulfilled half of the religion, so let him fear Allah regarding the remaining half.” (Jami’ al-Tirmidhi) This Hadith reiterates the notion that marriage is a significant part of a person’s religious journey. It serves as a means to seek the pleasure of Allah and live a balanced and righteous life.
Dealing With the Wife in a Good Manner
“The best of you is the one who is best to his wife, and I am the best of you to my wives.” (Sunan Ibn Majah) This Hadith emphasizes the importance of treating one’s spouse with kindness, compassion, and respect. It encourages spouses to strive towards excelling in their conduct and interactions within the marriage, fostering a harmonious and loving relationship.
Islam Rejects Monasticism
“There is no monasticism in Islam.” (Sahih Al-Bukhari) This Hadith highlights that Islam does not encourage monasticism or celibacy, rather promotes the institution of marriage. It recognizes the natural human inclination towards companionship. It also encourages believers to channel their desires in a lawful and fulfilling manner through marriage.
These Ahadith (traditions) underline the importance of marriage as a means to attain spiritual growth, fulfill half of one’s faith, and establish a righteous and harmonious life. They emphasize the significance of treating one’s spouse with kindness, respect, and compassion, fostering a loving and supportive relationship. By adhering to the teachings of Islam regarding marriage, individuals can build strong family units, promote unity, and seek the pleasure of Allah in their marital journey.
Marriage in Islam is a sacred institution that emphasizes love, commitment, and mutual respect between husband and wife. It is a divine blessing that promotes companionship, emotional support, and the establishment of a righteous family. By adhering to the teachings and principles of Islam, couples can nurture a harmonious and fulfilling marital relationship, fostering a sense of unity, tranquility, and spiritual growth.